BOSCH began its history in 1886 in the German city of Stuttgart after Robert Bosch opened his “Workshop of Precision Mechanics and Electrical Engineering.” For the company founder, the very thought of manufacturing a product of not the highest quality was simply intolerable. Robert Bosch has always acted based on the principle that “Honest work is more important than momentary profit.” This is why Bosch products have been continuously characterized by uncompromising quality, technical excellence, and absolute reliability throughout the entire history of the company.
In 1901, Robert Bosch expands the company staff with the best mechanics. He bought new equipment and, together with the employees, moved to a new, more spacious building.
In 1902, one of Bosch’s students, Gottlob Honold, introduced the new ignition system he had been working on. In fact, the idea of a spark plug appeared back in 1860 but at that time there were no materials from which it could be made, so the authorship of the new device made of ceramic technically belongs to Bosch.
In the early twentieth century, Bosch became an international supplier of automotive components thanks to the start of the production of spark plugs in 1902 (a new factory for the production of magneto ignition systems was opened in 1909). In 1913, the company introduced the first electric starter, the first generator, and the first car headlights.
It was clear that everything went just perfect. The company quickly gained momentum, increased its sales, and opened new factories abroad. But World War I significantly crippled Bosch’s potential. Many foreign representative offices were expropriated by local authorities, although this did not affect the general image of the company. It still managed to recover quickly after the war. Besides, Bosch could substantially rebuild its commercial network.
The Bosch brand started to shine in a new way, and still, it keeps the course it chose in the 20s of the last century. The Bosch logo is a simple schematic representation of the magneto – the invention which launched the flight of the entire business to the top of success. The logo is actually of the same age as the company – it now exceeds 100 years.
In 1921, Bosch introduced the horn, in 1926 – wipers, in 1927 – injection fuel pump developed for diesel fuel and batteries for vehicles, and in 1928 – direction indicator lamps.
Generally speaking, in the 20s the company significantly expanded its range of automotive products. In 1928, new household appliances from Bosch such as a hair trimmer began to enter the market. At the end of 1929, the company decided that it would not focus exclusively on transport. In fact, this decision gave a start to the production of the appliances that the company manufactures today.
In 1930, Bosch launched the production of a car radio, fuel filter, and fog lights. In 1932, customers got their first radio with a control panel. In the 30s, Bosch began to manufacture professional tools. For example, in 1932 it released the first electric hammer drill which was not yet on the market.
In 1933, Bosch introduced the first refrigerator which immediately became a worldwide sensation. With this step, the company officially entered the world of household appliance production. In the same 1933, the brand acquired Junkers & Co – a manufacturer of gas water heaters. In 1936, Bosch started to develop pumps for diesel engines.
During the Second World War, many Bosch factories were destroyed because of air raids. Despite this, in 1946 it successfully released its first jigsaw. In 1950, the company started the production of the first food processors, kitchen mixers, and cookers.
In the 50s, Bosch entered foreign markets and opened foreign representative offices. At the same time, it also became the largest manufacturer of household appliances in the world. Of course, the company continued to manufacture other types of products. For example, in 1951 it began to mass-produce mechanical fuel pumps used in gasoline engines.
In 1952, the European market welcomed a novelty – the first car radio. In the same year, the company introduced special electrical insulating material which was used for the production of power tools. In 1957, Bosch launched the production of high and low beam headlights, turn signals and parking lights incorporated into a single system for the automotive market.
In the late 1950s, new products for the household appliance market continued the list of company innovations: in 1957, the world saw a freezer and in 1958 – a new washing machine.
In the 60s, Bosch focused on new types of household appliances. In 1962, the market got its first Bosch stove, in 1964 – a dishwasher, and in 1965 – a washing machine.
In 1967, two strong and large companies – Bosch and Siemens – decided to merge. Such cooperation naturally opened up new prospects and goals for further development. Also in 1967, a new electronic control system that injected fuel for gasoline engines was released on the market.
In 1972, Bosch introduced the first automatic washer-dryer and it was equipped with a unique full-cycle program. The appliance could not only wash, but also automatically rinse, spin, and dry laundry.
In 1976, an oxygen sensor for engines was released for the automotive market, and in 1978 the first ABS system was invented and sold (it was first installed on Mercedes-Benz W116).
In the same year, a multifunctional food processor was introduced to the market. In 1979, Bosch successfully launched its innovative Motronic system. It was a synthesis of a gasoline injection system and electric ignition. Another interesting Bosch invention was a grill and a microwave combined in one appliance.
As for the professional tools market, the company introduced a cordless hammer drill which became a world premiere. In 1986, Bosch created an electronic diesel fuel injection system. The traction control system was also launched into mass production. In 1987, the washing machine underwent evolution – it got a new power-saving system. Nowadays, the washing machines of this company are almost perfect in any sense. If any malfunction occurs, the owner can see bosch washer error displayed on the control panel, which reports the results of the self-test.
In 1992, the band presents the fastest hammer drill in its class which weighed only 2 kg.
A true breakthrough in the automotive industry was the ESP Electronic Stabilization Program launched in 1995. 1997 gave the world a new angle grinder, which had no analogs in the world at that point. Infrared sensors for cooking surfaces became another novelty that made it possible to control the cooking process. Of course, these successes were immediately noted by the international community.
Since 2000, Bosch has been also involved in the production of garden goods: scissors, brush cutters, cordless and electric trimmers, lawnmowers, garden shredders. These products quickly entered the market and gained popularity. Also in 2000, the company began its production of gasoline fuel injection systems, as well as adaptive cruise control systems, which quickly became widespread.
In 2001, Bosch organized a division that was supposed to manufacture cell phones alongside its partner brand Siemens. In 2003, Bosch introduced the first Ixo cordless screwdriver with a lithium-ion battery. Another novelty was a Common Rail system with piezo injectors designed for cars. In 2010, new hybrid cars with a Bosch drive appeared on the market. In 2013, the company created LogiCut navigation systems for robotic lawnmowers.
Today, Bosch is the world’s largest company that manufactures various products. Bosch Global includes Robert Bosch GmbH and approximately 440 subsidiaries and regional companies located in approximately 60 countries. Together with its sales and service partners, Bosch is represented in almost 150 countries of the world.