Magnetic therapy is a newer form of treatment therapy that is employed to improve Post-Stroke patients. The idea behind this technique is to accelerate calcium ions to heal nerves and bone tissues. It is widely used and recommended in different parts of the world. Many scientific studies have been previously done to validate the benefits associated with when practiced with Stroke patients.
Stroke is a type of Cerebrovascular accident in which the brain loses blood supply for some time. This can be due to blockage of the arteries (ischemic) or due to the rupture of a blood vessel (hemorrhagic).
In any case, the results are the same and are experienced on the side of the body controlled by the affected brain hemisphere.
The signs and symptoms of the disease include:
● Paralysis of the affected side (hemiplegia)
● The weakness of facial muscles
● Slurred speech
● Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
This modality of treatment is aimed at improving the natural regenerative capabilities of the brain. Magnetic Therapy can be applied to increase Neuroplasticity of the brain that shall allow the formation of new neural connections within the brain.
What is Magnetic Therapy?
In magnetic therapy also known as Transcranial Magnetic Therapy, doctors place a large magnetic on one side (affected side of the brain) of the head i.e. onto the scalp.
It is a non-invasive procedure. The purpose of this magnetic coil placement is to stimulate the brain cells to regain activity. The placed magnet releases small amounts of electromagnetic pulses that activate the brain neurons affected by stroke.
How does Magnetic Therapy work?
This therapy which is also known as the repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) is a potent treatment. The magnetic coil stimulates the brain cells to perform the natural process of Neuroplasticity. In response, the brain tries to form new connections between neurons. The new connections allow for better transmission of signals from the brain to the muscles.
The rTMS is applied to both parts of the head.
This is because patients lose the balance of signaling between the two hemispheres of the brain. In some cases, the unaffected side may get hyperactive and super loaded with electrical stimulation. So magnet to the healthy side is also applied to re-establish the balance between the parts of the brain.
Grabbing a glass of water.
This can be explained with an example. The balance created by both parts of the brain is applied in the most basic tasks such as grabbing a glass of water.
On trying to catch a glass with your right hand the left side of the brain sends excitatory signals (left controls right of the body and vice versa) so that you can bring about movement but at the same time the right brain sends inhibitory signals to coordinate the movement and stop when the glass is reached.
Advantages of Magnetic Therapy
1. Motor function
A comprehensive study has proved the positive impact of Magnetic Therapy in improving the motor capabilities of Post-Stroke patients.
2. Improved gait and better walking speeds
Magnetic therapy is effective in bringing about improvement in gait. It also results in increased walking speeds that indicate improved motor conditions.
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3. Improvement in speech and (Aphasia conditions)
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation is effective in bringing about improvements in speech. A study shows that this therapy makes naming easier for stroke patients.
4. Improved cognition
Magnetic Therapy is proven to be effective in improving the cognitive abilities of stroke patients.
5. Reduced dependence
Another study reported evident improvement in arm movement.
The inability to use your hands is worse and patients get dependent on someone else to carry out their daily chores.
With the use of Magnetic Therapy Paralysis of the arm is significantly improved which results in a decreased dependence of the patients.
Should you be skeptical about it?
No is the answer. This is an FDA approved procedure for the treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and even depression. Most of the patients feel only a tapping sensation and nothing more. Though it feels to be merely superficial, the effects go deep into the brain. Therefore, it is safe, approved, and an easy way of reactivating your brain.
Repetitive Transcranial Electric Stimulation by Magnetic Therapy is an effective and non-invasive treatment for Stroke patients suffering from Paralysis.
The therapy has shown evident improvements in motor and cognitive control of the patients. Aphasia is also improved.
Therefore, this treatment method should be considered along with Rehabilitation exercises to improve conditions.